The main tourist destination in Myanmar is Bagan, capital of the first Myanmar Empire; one of the richest archaeological sites in South-East Asia, situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyawaddy River. The Magic of Bagan has inspired visitors to Myanmar for nearly 1000 years.
Ananda Temple is one of the four main temples remaining in Bagan. Ananda temple is considered to be one of the most surviving masterpieces of the Mon architecture. Also known as the finest, largest best preserved and most revered of the Bagan temples.
The third king of Bagan Pyusawhti (AD 162-243) got rid of the gourd-like climbing plant "bu" that infested the riverbanks before becoming the king. He was rewarded by his predecessor. Thamuddarit. The founder of Bagan (AD 108) together with the hand of his daughter and the heir to the throne of Bagan. He then in the commemoration of his good luck built a gourd-shaped pagoda on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
Dhammayangyi Temple is one among the four significant monuments of Bagan. Dhammayangyi Temple is the most massive structure in Bagan which has a similar architectural plan to Ananda Temple. It was built by King Narathu (1167-70) who was also known as Kalagya Min the 'king killed by Indians'. The temple is located about a kilometer to the southeast of the city walls directing Minnanthu.
Gadawtpalin Temple is located about 3 miles south of the Bu Pagoda on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is about 180 feet high and the structure is common like the Sulamani temple.The Gadawtpalin Temple was built by King Narapatisithu after building the Sulamani Temple. But the king did not complete the construction. It was completed by his son Htilominlo.
GubyaukgyiMyinkaba Temple is situated just to the left of the road as you enter Myinkaba. This temple was built in 1113 by Kyanzittha's son Rajakumar on his father's death. Prince Rajakumar was the son of King Kyanzittha and the niece of a monk. Kyanzittha met the woman while he was a refugee before his time. Rajakumar was the rightful heir to the throne of Bagan. The temple is in an Indian style. The monument consists of a large shrine room attached to a smaller antechamber.
Htilominlo Templeis situated NyaungU and Wetkyi-In Region of Bagan, built during the reign of King Htilominlo (also known as Nandaungmya), The temple is three stories tall, with a height of 46 metres (151 ft), and built with red brick. It is also known for its elaborate plaster moldings. On the first floor of the temple, there are four Buddhas that face each direction. The temple was damaged in the 1975 earthquake and subsequently repaired.
The Lawkananda pagoda was built by King Anawrahta during his reign in 1059. The pagoda has enshrined the Buddha's tooth relic in Bagan. The pagoda is erected on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
The Manuha temple is on the right side of the main road going south from Bagan and right in Myinkaba village. King Manuha's inscription says that it was built in AD 1067 about a decade after the Mon king was brought to Bagan. The name of the temple was given after the name of the captive King Manuha. Manuha was considered one of the earliest temples at Bagan.
Nanpaya Temple was built in the 12th Century this attractive pagoda is a combination of sandstone and brick. Particularly noteworthy is the elegant perforated stone windows. The four primary stone pillars in the central sanctuary illustrate the Hindu god Brahma. It was built by King Narapattisithu's son-in-law, Naga Thaman. He was also the grandson of King Manuha.This pagoda lies south of Manuha Image. It is one of four Bagan monuments built of sandstones.
NAT TAUNG KYAUNG MONASTERY
Nat TaungKyaung (or Nat-taung Monastery, also known at May-taungTaik), located in the vicinity of Taung-bi village and immediately to the north of the town walls of Old Bagan, sets in a secluded clearing amidst a wide variety of trees and vegetation. Although its date of founding is uncertain, it is probably the region's oldest, as well as its finest, wooden monastery. Unfortunately, little on this sylvan jewel is readily available to the public in published form or on the web.
Pyathatgyi (Pyatthadar) Temple is a double-cave type monument. Most of these kinds of monasteries were built out of wood. But some were built out of bricks and testify to the power of these monasteries. The architectural design explains the expansion of vaults and broad corridors which made it possible to pass from one building to the other. This monastery has Indian influence. It even contains a hall of ordination and a small palate.
King Anawrahta built Shwesandaw Pagoda after his conquest of Thaton in 1057. This graceful circular pagoda was constructed at the centre of his newly empowered kingdom. The pagoda was also known as Ganesh or Mahapeine after the elephant-headed Hindu god whose images once stood at the corners of the five successive terraces.
Shwegugyi Pagoda was built by King AlaungSithu during A.D 1141. This pagoda is located near the entrance of the Royal Palace therefore also known as Nan OoPaya in Myanmar. Shwegugyi Pagoda was built on top of a 13 feet high platform giving it an impression like a mushroom coming out of the ground. It is facing towards the north of Bagan. It lies on the north of Thabyinnyu Pagoda.
Shwezigon is one monument among the four main significant buildings of Bagan. Shwezigon was built as the most important reliquary shrine in Bagan centre of prayer and reflection for the new Theravada faith King Anawarahta had established in Bagan. The pagoda is standing between the village of Wetkyi-in and Nyaung U. It is a beautiful pagoda and was commenced by King Anawrahta but not completed until the reign of King Kyanzittha (1084-1113).
Sulamani Temple is located in Minnanthu region. in the center of Bagan. The temple was built by King Narapatisithu in 1183 AD. It is a cave pagoda and massive in Structure. It's entrance was decorated by Superb architectural works of art. His temple is one of Bagan's premier temple attractions. The name itself means Crowning Jewel or Small Ruby. It was the first and most important temple of the late period (1170-1300) of Bagan monument building. It was one of many temples and stupas built by Narapatisithu.
Tharabar Gate is the main gateway to the ancient Bagan city. It is the eastern gate of the old wall. It is now the only structure left of the old city built by King Pyinbya. It was built in 849 A.D during the 9th century. The western and northern part of the city wall was washed away by the river. There were originally twelve gates during that time. Tharabar is derived from the Pali term "Sarabhanga" meaning "shielded against arrows".
Thatbyinnyu Temple is among one of the four significant monuments in Bagan. The temple is towering above the other monuments of Bagan.Built by King Alaungsithu (1113-1163) the Thatbyinnyu is a transitional temple standing between the Early Style of the Ananda.
The art of lacquer ware is one of the Myanmar traditional handicrafts and had been known to exit since between 11 to 13 Bagan Century. There are several stages to become a perfect lacquer ware. All The designs are painted by hand. Tourists are warmly invited come to study the art of lacquer ware workshops and also buy lacquer ware as souvenirs.
Mount Popa is a volcano 1518 metres (4981 feet) above sea level, and located in central Myanmar (formerly Burma) in the region of Mandalay about 50 km (31 mi) southeast of Bagan (Pagan) in the Pegu Range. It can be seen from the Ayeyarwady River as far away as 60 km (37 mi) in clear weather. Mount Popa is perhaps best known as a pilgrimage site, with numerous Nat temples and relic sites atop the mountain.
Salay is a colorful old religious center in Central Myanmar. It is just a day trip away from Bagan which is about 1 ½ hours. It is famous for spectacular woodcarvings monastery “Yoke-Sone-Kyaung” built in AD 1882. There are very beautiful artistic work woodcarvings around it and also ancient Buddha image, utensils of Yadanabon 19 century period. Salay is also famous for its cultivation of plums which are sold all over Myanmar.